Why is it that we make tests multiple choice, when the world isn’t multiple choice? We’re not an industrial society anymore, where following directions is the key to success. Instead, we’re problem-solvers, and knowledge is the important commodity. But our education system hasn’t quite caught up with this shift. We’re still testing our students like they’re good little worker bees, for whom “knowing the answer” is the important skill.
But if we want to train students to be good problem solvers, we have to assess them on it. One of Joe Redish’ teaching commandments is that if you want students to learn something, that has to be part of your assessments.
So, how to we assess problem solving skills? Eugenia Etkina has two examples which were pretty nice.
This is a fun game, once your students get used to it. Take this for example:
900N – (50 kg)(9.8 m/s^2) = 50 kg * v^2 / 12m.
Sketch a situation this might describe
Write in words a problem for which equation is a solution.
(Can’t figure out the answer? Write in the comments).
This requires students to put together pieces and make conections between the formulaic descriptions of physics and physical situations.
2. Deep problem-solving assessment
Watch this video. Decide what data you need to estimate the height of the table two different ways. How do you decide whether the two methods agree? Hint: You can step the video forward frame by frame using your arrow keys. All the data you need is on that page.
(Need help getting started? Write in the comments).
Unlike a traditional exam, this assessment
- Doesn’t tell you what to do (the student has to come up with the method)
- Doesn’t tell you to neglect air friction, etc. (this is a genuine situation)
- Tests whether they really know what uncertainty in measurement is, and how it’s different from experimental error
- There is no correct answer
- Students can learn during the assessment
If these are the skills we want them to learn, then we have to test them on it! Physics isn’t just about knowing facts, concepts, or how to solve formulaic problems.